Ancient Greece

Is famous for its philosophy, art, literature, and politics. As a result, classical period Greek style in dress often has been revived when later societies wished to evoke some revered aspect of ancient Greek civilization, such as democratic government. A Greek style in dress became fashionable in France shortly after the French Revolution (1789–1799), because the style was thought to express the democratic ideals for which that revolution was fought, no matter how incorrect the understanding of the historical reality was.

Clothing reformers later in the 19th century CE admired ancient Grecian dress because they thought it represented timeless beauty, the opposite of complicated and rapidly changing fashions of their time, as well as the more practical reasoning that Grecian-style dresses required far less cloth than those of the Rococo period.

Clothing in ancient Greece primarily consisted of the chiton, peplos, himation, and chlamys. While no clothes have survived from this period, descriptions exist from contemporary accounts and artistic depiction. Clothing in Ancient Greece was homemade and worn loose and flowing. The most basic piece worn by both men and women was called the “Doric chiton,” which was a large piece of woolen or linen fabric worn draped around the body or secured in place with buttons or pins. The second most popular clothing item was the “himation,” which was made of a heavier weight fabric and used as a cloak. Both garments were usually ankle-length and often worn with a belt. Men usually sported a knee-length chiton, which made is easier to ride horses and do hard labor. Jewelry was also very popular in ancient Greece and was even worn by men until around the fourth century. Both sexes either went barefoot or wore sandals.